Little Big Man Symposium Speaker & Panelist Résumés (1 June 2023)

Victoria Bad Bear

B.A, (1968) University of Montana (Nursing), A.A. (1983) Little Big Horn College (Psychology). Nurse during 30-year career at Crow Head Start program and Crow Hospital. Crow language consultant, Crow Bilingual Materials Development Center. She has been a resource person for many Crow cultural and language projects. Daughter of Dessie Bad Bear, who played Buffalo Wallow Woman in Little Big Man. Enrolled Tribal member in the Crow (Apsáalooke) Tribe.

Phenocia Old Coyote Bauerle

Ph.D. student, University of California, Berkeley (Native American Language Literacy, Society and Culture Education), B.A. (2002) Montana State University (Bozeman) (English Language and Literature/Letters). Director, Native American Student Development University of California, Berkeley. Specialties: Native Americans in Higher Education, assessment, mentoring, organizational skills, promotion, seminars, web site production, workshop development, program development, campus climate issues, and leadership development. Has been Program Coordinator, Diversity Awareness Office, Montana State University (Bozeman) and Educational Consultant, Little Big Horn College. Publications include The Way of The Warrior: Stories of the Crow People (by Henry and Barney Old Coyote, Jr., and Phenocia Bauerle), (2002); and introductions (by Barney Old Coyote, Jr., and Phenocia Bauerle) to new editions of The Crow Indians, by Robert Lowie (2004) and Plenty Coups: Chief of the Crows by Frank Linderman (2002); and an article “Rabbit Child: Crazy Dog of the Crows” in Montana, the Magazine of Western History (2002). She is a member of the Crow (Apsáalooke) Tribe.

Tim Bernardis

M.Ed. (1987) Montana State University Bozeman (Adult and Higher Education), B.A. (1981) University of California, Berkeley (History) and also B.A. (1981) (Native American Studies). Library Director, Little Big Horn College (1985-present). Project Director, “It is a Good Day to (Re)Live Little Big Man: The Movie & 50 Years of Changing Perspectives about Indian Wars in the American West” (a National Park Service / NPS American Battlefield Protection Program Preservation Planning Grant to LBHC, 2022-2023). Project Director, Crow Cultural Center and Museum Project (LBHC, 2018-continuing). Has been Adjunct Faculty Instructor in Crow Studies and History, LBHC. Seasonal interpreter at Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument (1983-1984). Author of many articles, including “Battle of the Rosebud” and “Fetterman Fight” in Encyclopedia of the American Indian (1996); author of Crow Social Studies Baleeisbaalichiwee History (1986) for the Bilingual Materials Development Center; and (with Frederick W. Voget) author of the “Crow” entry in the Handbook of North American Indians, v. 13, Plains, Smithsonian Institution, 2001; contributing author, The Story of the Crow People: From the Past to the Present (Janine Pease, D. Ed., editor) (2024). Adopted member of the Plainfeather family in the Crow (Apsáalooke) Tribe.

Michael N. Donahue

Master of Fine Art (1978), Master of Arts (1976), Bachelor of Fine Arts (1975) (History and Art), Stephen F. Austin State University. Chairman of the Temple College Visual Arts Department. For 34 summers he has worked as a National Park Service seasonal historical interpreter and ranger at Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument. He was chosen as one of the five best storytellers in the Park Service; his painting Souvenirs of the Little Bighorn was the first artwork to represent the battlefield in the nationally competitive Arts for the Parks exhibition. He has been featured in films, including the BBC television series, “Wild West: Custer’s Last Stand.” He is author of Where the Rivers Ran Red; The Indian Fights of George Armstrong Custer (2018) and Drawing Battle Lines: The Map Testimony of Custer’s Last Fight (2007). Author of articles and artworks on the battle. He serves on the editorial board of Greasy Grass, the journal of the Custer Battlefield Historical & Museum Association.

Joanna Hearne

Ph.D. (2004) University of Arizona (English), M.A. (1996) Utah State University (American Studies), B.A. (1991) Oberlin College (English). Jeannie Hoffman Smith Professor of Film and Media Studies, Dodge Family College of Arts and Sciences, University of Oklahoma. Interests in Native American and Global Indigenous film and media; North American film history, including Indigenous film history from early cinema to the present; digital media and digital storytelling; screen genre histories with strong focus on westerns, documentary, and animation. Books include Native Recognition: Indigenous Cinema and the Western (2012), and Smoke Signals: Native Cinema Rising (2012). Articles include: “Lines of Sight in the Western,” Western American Literature (2018), “Indians Watching Indians on TV: Native Spectatorship and the Politics of Recognition” in Visualities: Perspectives on Contemporary American Indian Film and Art (ed. Denise K. Cummings) (2011); and “‘John Wayne’s Teeth’: Speech, Sound and Representation in Smoke Signals and Imagining Indians,” Western Folklore (2005).

C. Adrian Heidenreich

Ph.D. (1971) & M.A. (1967) University of Oregon (Anthropology; minor work in Visual Communication); Post-doctoral Fellowship, Smithsonian Institution (1974-75); B.A. (1965) Sacramento State College (Anthropology; minor work, English). Professor Emeritus, Montana State University Billings, where he taught Native American Studies and Anthropology. Has been a resource scholar for newspapers, radio, television, ethnographic films, exhibit catalogs, manuals, maps, and books. Contributing author, The Story of the Crow People: From the Past to the Present (Janine Pease, D. Ed., editor) (2024); Smoke Signals in Crow (Apsáalooke) Country: Beyond the Capture of Horses from the Lewis and Clark Expedition (2006); Native American Studies, An Introduction (1991), and articles including “The Crow Indian Delegation to Washington, D. C., in 1880,” Montana, the Magazine of Western History (1981); “Western Tipi Pole of Crow Country" in North American Fur Trade Conference Proceedings (2012); and “U.S. Government Policy and Regional Indian Treaties in the West: Crow (Apsáalooke) Cultural, Intertribal, and Inter-Relational Context,” Little Big Horn College lecture (2018). Project Assistant, “It is a Good Day to (Re)Live Little Big Man” (2022-2023). Adopted member of the Big Day family in the Crow (Apsáalooke) Tribe.

Shirleen Bad Bear Hill

B.A. (1980) Montana State University (Bozeman) (Elementary Education). Retired from 30-year career as Elementary School teacher, Crow Public Schools. Member of the Little Big Horn College Board of Trustees (1990-1992). Crow language consultant, Bilingual Materials Development Center. She has been a resource person for many Crow cultural and language projects. Daughter of Dessie Bad Bear, who played Buffalo Wallow Woman in Little Big Man. Enrolled Tribal member in the Crow (Apsáalooke) Tribe.

Paul Andrew Hutton

Ph.D. (1981), M.A. (1974), B.A. (1972) Indiana University (1981). Distinguished Professor of History, University of New Mexico. Emphasis on U.S. history, frontier history, military history, popular culture. Author of The Apache Wars (2017) and Phil Sheridan and His Army (1985). Co-Editor of The Custer Reader (1992, 2004), Frontier and Region: Essays in Honor of Martin Ridge (1997), Roundup!: Western Writers of America (2010), Western Heritage: A Selection of Wrangler Award-Winning Articles (2011), and Soldiers West: Biographies from the Military Frontier (1987 and 2009). Author of many articles, including “From Little Bighorn to Little Big Man: The Changing Image of a Western Hero in Popular Culture,” Western Historical Quarterly (1976) and an essay on Custer films, “Correct in Every Detail,” Montana, the Magazine of Western History (1991). He has written, produced, or appeared in over 300 television documentaries.

Lou Mandler

M.A. (1974) Bread Loaf School of English of Middlebury College; B.A. (1969) Montana State University (Bozeman). She received a Geraldine R. Dodge Fellowship for Secondary School Teachers, a grant to the National Endowment for the Humanities Seminar on Native American Literature, and a Joseph Klingenstein Fellowship to Teacher’s College of Columbia University. She has taught at Canterbury School in Connecticut, and in Ardrossan, Alberta and Idaho Falls, Idaho. She is author of Montana’s Visionary Mayor, Willard E. Fraser [Billings] (2022) and This Storied Land: A Montana Memoir (2004); and articles: “The Hemingways at Canterbury,” The Hemingway Review (2010), “Ernest Hemingway’s West,” Montana, the Magazine of Western History (2011), “Billings and Beyond: The Progressive Vision of Mayor Willard Fraser,” Montana, the Magazine of Western History (2018), and “Montana’s Willard Fraser, The Mayor of All Outdoors,” Montana, the Magazine of Western History (2022).

Andrew Patrick Nelson

Ph.D. (2010) University of Exeter (Film Studies, English), M.A. Carleton University (Film Studies), B.A. University of Toronto (Cinema Studies and English). Chair of the Department of Film & Media Arts and Associate Professor of Film Studies at the University of Utah. Previously taught at University of Calgary and Montana State University (Bozeman); has been Visiting Scholar at Bill Lane Center for the American West at Stanford University and guest film curator at Autry Museum of the American West, CM Russell Museum, and Briscoe Western Art Museum. Has taught a broad range of cinema and media studies, American and international film history, genres, and theory (including the Western). Author of Revision and Regeneration in the American Western, 1969-1980 (Ph.D. dissertation), books Still in the Saddle: The Hollywood Western, 1969-1980 (2015) and Contemporary Westerns: Film and Television Since 1990 (2013) and series editor of “The Popular West” at University of Oklahoma Press. He has appeared as a commentator in many film, television, radio, magazine, and newspaper programs, and was film advisor for "Once Upon a Time...The Western" museum exhibition at Denver Art Museum (2017), and curated an exhibition based on Still in the Saddle at Briscoe Western Art Museum in San Antonio (2020).

Dale Old Horn

M.S. (1975) Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Linguistics). Enrolled Tribal member in the Crow (Apsáalooke) Tribe. He has been Department Head of Crow and Social Studies as well as Native American Studies at Little Big Horn College, and was Chairman of the Native American Studies program, Montana State University Billings. Author of Some Complement Constructions of the Crow Indian Language (M.A. thesis) and monographs on Apsáalooke Music and Dance (1999), Apsáalooke Social and Family Structure (with Timothy McCleary) (1995), and Baaanniile (The Direction of the Path of the People) (1986) for Little Big Horn College and Crow Bilingual Materials Development Center. He has been a resource scholar for many projects and publications, a translator for Little Big Horn College oral history projects. He has been the Crow Tribal Historic Preservation Officer. Dale is a popular emcee/announcer on the Indian powwow circuit nationwide (U.S. and Canada) and at home in Montana.

Janine Pease

Ed.D. (1994) and M.Ed. (1988) Montana State University (Adult and Higher Education) and B.A. (1970), Central Washington University (Sociology and Anthropology). Retired as head of Planning/Accreditation & full time Instructor in Humanities, Sociology and Native American Studies at Little Big Horn College. She teaches part-time, including the American Indian Representation in Film course at LBHC (including screening and discussion of Little Big Man). She was the first president of Little Big Horn College (1982-2000) and president of the American Indian Higher Education Consortium (1983-85, 1999-2000). Professional positions have been in academics and administration with Big Bend Community College, Eastern Montana College, Rocky Mountain College, and Fort Peck Community College, and she has been a private educational consultant with tribal colleges. Published author on voting rights, tribal colleges, and tribal language revitalization. Honors include Indian Educator of the Year by the National Indian Education Association (1990), ACLU Jeanette Rankin Award (1989), MacArthur Fellowship (1994), and Montana Humanities Hero Award (2010). Editor, The Story of the Crow People: From the Past to the Present (2024). Janine is enrolled in the Crow (Apsáalooke) Tribe.

Michael Welsh

Ph.D. (1983) University of New Mexico (US History, American Western and Southwestern, and American Indian History), M.A. (1976) University of Dayton (U.S. History, Latin America) and B.A. (1973) (Political Science). Professor, Department of History, College of Humanities & Social Sciences, University of Northern Colorado. Research interests in the American West, American Indian history, Latino history, environmental history, and history of education. He has been involved in many projects: Consulting Services, American Battle Monuments Association (ABMC); Director, Presidential Academy in American History and Civics Education; Director, Four Corners Community History Project; Director, Four Corners Special Education Project. He has written a book, A Mission in the Desert: The US Army Corps of Engineers, Albuquerque District, 1985-2010 (2015); and many articles, including “Hero, Villain, Puzzle: Academia, Popular Culture, and George Armstrong Custer” and “The Battle of History,” in Brad D. Lookingbill (ed.), A Companion for Custer and the Little Bighorn Campaign (2015), “Community, the West, and the American Indian,” Journal of the Southwest (1989), and “The Origins of Western Film Companies, 1887-1920,” Journal of the West (1983).